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Victims' Rights

Victims of crime have various rights under the law, especially under the new Victims of Crime Act. 
 
 

These include the right to understand and be understood, the right to be heard, the right to protection, the right to legal aid, the right to support services, and the right to reimbursement of expenses and compensation.

The content available on this website is for educational purposes only and does not constitute legal advice. For free legal or emotional advice and support pertaining to your specific situation, please contact Victim Support Malta (21228333)

Facts and information: victims' rights

Under the new Victims of Crime Act, if the crime happened in another EU country, you have a right to file a police report here in Malta.
 

If your rights under the Victims of Crime Act or any other relevant law are not being respected, you can file an internal complaint with the relevant department or authority.   Should you feel that your complaint is not taken seriously, you also have a right to take the Government to Court since this would constitute a breach of your fundamental rights.
 

Sometimes there is not enough evidence to take a person to Court.  In such cases however, the Police have a duty to inform you of their decision not to take the offender to Court.
 

As a victim of crime, the law provides that you have a right to emotional support services.  Please feel free to get in touch with us so that we can refer you to such services if you feel the need.
 

The law provides for certain measures that minors can resort to if it is thought that one of the parents or a guardian can potentially cause harm to the victim – particularly the provision of a children's advocate is such cases.  Please do get in touch should you like us to explain this further.
 

The law provides that the authorities should inform you when the offender is going to be taken to Court, released on bail, sent to prison, released or escaped from prison.  This should help you prepare yourself for any eventual consequences.
 

The law states that the authorities need to communicate with victims (whether verbally or in writing) in simple language.  You also have a right to take someone along, especially if you need help to understand what is going on. If this is not being done, get in touch so that we can help you.
 

The law also states that you may file a complaint with the Police in your own language, or else request the services of an interpreter. You also have a right to intepretation and/or translation during court proceedings.
 

Under the new Victims of Crime Act, the authorities are obliged to carry out an assessment to determine your needs and your risk factors.  You are also to be advised of any existing protection measures, and what you can do to seek such protection.
 

Under the new law, you are entitled to free legal assistance.  If you need help to claim this right, get in touch so that we can help you.
 

A crime is an action or omission that may be prosecuted by the State and is punishable by law. It is a wrong against society and a violation of the individual rights of victims.
 

The new Victims of Crime Act provides that victims should be provided with extensive information about their rights and existing support services from the first contact with the relevant competent authority, such as the Police or social welfare agencies like Appogg.  If this is not being done, please get in touch so that we can help you.
 

Yes, under the law you have a right to claim reimbursement for any expenses you had to incur in order to participate during the criminal proceedings.
 

Yes, as a victim of crime, you have a right to seek compensation for any damage suffered.  You do not have to open separate civil proceedings to seek this right, as you can ask for such compensation to be paid during the course of the criminal proceedings themselves.
 

A victim of crime is any person who has suffered harm (whether physical, mental, emotional or financial) directly caused by a crime.  Family members can also be considered to be victims when the crime leads to the death of the person concerned.
 

Under the new Victims of Crime Act, the Police are obliged to give you a written acknowledgment of your report when it is filed.  You are also entitled to receive a copy of the report in order to make sure that the details you gave have been taken down accurately.